4.2, The Hierarchical Ranking

Here we mark the hierarchical ordering of virtues and goods. We are interested in production of both. In 4.1 we distinguished between virtue (moral good) and goods (material good). We noted some of distinguishable characteristics between the two. Below a table of difference. But first, the similarities: neither virtue nor goods are given. They must …

4.1, The Necessity of Production

It is one of the great tragedies of the production of the recent past that it has resulted in such excess that production feels or seems unnecessary. So “we” make all kinds of demands on producers when we can find and identify them. We hang weights around their necks in the form of restriction and …

Aristotle, relativism and despair.

How have we fallen into the morass of relativism when the ancients saw so clearly the absolute despair of such a way. From Aristotle: “…and if we do not desire everything for the sake of something else (for, if that is so, the process will go on ad infinitum, and our desire will be idle …