A Conclusion on Action

Let it be known. One does not see action. One interprets physical changing events as actions. To interpret as action requires the bringing to bear on those physical changing events the elements which must always be found in any action: ends, means, values, preferences, choice, time, cost, loss, profit. The attempt to invalidate such a …

3.9.1, On Costs of action as lost opportunity

The apriori of action is what makes possible the analysis of action in experience and in particular. If I want to understand any particular action it must be from an understanding of the elements of action. Ever action presupposes ends, means, values, preferences, choice, time, and now we come to costs. Cost is almost necessarily …

3.8.1, Time and Action

Action is so pregnant. I write, think, sit, reflect, way, type, scan, focus, marshall, ignore, embrace. I act. Action is not possible to understand without ends, means, values, preferences, choice. Now we add time. Action is always in time. As usual I make an effort to avoid metaphysics (Presentism vs. Eternalism about time) and focus …

3.6, Preference and action

We are looking at the apriori elements of action. So far we have examined ends, means, and value. We still have preference, choice, time, cost, loss, profit. Today, preference. Preference is the element necessary because of the bountiful insecurity of ends and means. Let us note the bounty. Even he who is homeless may pursue …

3.5.2, Value, desire and passion

The philosophical tradition I am familiar with divides the agent into thinker and will-er. This division is in some sense unreal. The thinker is, in reality, unthinkable without will. But in other senses it, like any other distinction, allows for some nuance in analysis and so is conceptually worth while. There is no doubt that …

3.5.1, Value

In our next stage of apriori analysis of action I want to handle value. Ends are chosen because they have value. Means are chosen because they have value for achieving ends. If there is action, if there is self-directed movement toward goals with means (resources), toward the satisfaction of demand with supply, there is value. …

3.3.2, Commentary on Ends

Here at Puritanical Libertarianism we aim to understand (we say). I have just put forward the first apriori element of human action, that of its goal-directedness. I would now like to comment. This is a bit of a diversion. But there is a sense in which I think this distinction is also apriori. I am …

3.3.1, The element of the end

Every action is for an end. The end is is that which the action is aimed at. There is no action without an end. That human action presupposes an end tells us everything and nothing. For one has to look at the particular direction of THAT action in order to discover its direction. But, we …

3.2.2, An Incomplete Set of Elements of Action

What does action presuppose? It presupposes all that change presupposes…and more! What categorical elements are always present? Isn’t it interesting, and it is Kant who made this most understandable to me, that arithmetic and geometry involve action. In arithmetic I have the element of unit. It is so bare, so minimal. What must be added? …